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tv   DW News  PBS  August 21, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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♪ this is dw news live from berlin. macedonia takes further steps to control the flow of refugees heading north as thousands tried to force away through. also coming up on this program. heading back to the polls. the snap election is necessary, president goethe one -- goethe erdogan said. and vows to hit back hard if
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needed. good to have you with us. police in macedonia have used tear gas, stun grenades, and loud warnings to keep migrants from crossing the border. thousands are waiting as the head north to other european countries. the u.n. has voiced concern that the situation is increasingly tense and precarious. reporter: these are the lucky ones. police allowed a few hundred and. syrian families made up most of them. migrants the authorities deem vulnerable. the government says it will lead in limited numbers of others as long as the country will support them.
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thousands are waiting between the greek and macedonian orders for the papers they need to travel onwards to serbia. on friday, the growing crush led to drama. macedonia closed its borders. special forces fired stun grenades into the crowd. several were injured. click>> [indiscernible] they shoot the people. reporter: some migrants were admitted that the country's prime minister warned, we must keep access to our country and check especially the numbers of migrants. that is assuring the get that would help they need very at a
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fortunate few fortis the train to serbia. the plan to continue northwards towards the european union. 44,000 have made the journey in the last two months alone in search of hope and a home no matter how careless trip. in france, antiterrorism police are investigating a shooting which left three people wounded on a high-speed train traveling through the country. passengers overpowered a gunman on the empty van -- amsterdam to pair service. the suspect, 20 60 man of moroccan origin was armed with an assault rifle and a knife. he is said to be known to intelligence agencies. we will see bringing you more on that story and later programs. people interview will be going to the polls for the second time this year for elections.
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this comes after the country's political parties failed to form a coalition after previous polls in june. that was the first time that the justice and development party failed to win a majority since 2002. opposition leaders said he called the hole in a gain to -- a bid to regain majority. reporter: time for a repeat election. what he is not willing to repeat is the poor showing of his ready which lost their parliamentary to jordy. security will weigh heavily on voters' minds as tensions flare between the government and the kurdish pkk. he sought to downplay fears. regarding security at the time of our election, our armed forces and police will take all the necessary measures in the high electoral board has made operations as well.
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his announcement of fresh elections comes after weeks of negotiations failed to produce a government. the 45 day negotiation time ends officially sunday night. the new election is not likely to produce a different outcome from the summer will. many are wondering what the new vote will bring. >> in my circle we will vote the same as last time. i do not know what is going to change. exit think will think more clearly and vote accordingly. preferreporter: a majority woulg him closer to a long-standing aim. anchor: we will be returning to that story in just a few moments. moving on to north korea where the country's leader has put his
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frontline troops on a war footing. following an exchange of artillery fire with south korean forces on thursday. north korea has made similar announcements that the rhetoric is fierce. reporter: these loudspeakers are at the heart of the new tension. they say it is in retaliation for the north having rented landline that injured two soldiers. the north shelled speakers to try to silence them. south korean president park conveyed a national security council meeting. she told the chiefs to react firmly and the military and the highest state of alert. in the north, the leader kim jong on met his military chiefs and cleared what is described as
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a cause a state of war. he ordered troops to prepare for action. such threats are common area they do not usually result in various classes that no one -- clashes but no one is taking any chances. i was at home and heard a thumping sound. a few minutes later office workers came out and broadcast alerts to evacuate to the shelter. 700 people along the order were moved to safety. most of them have gone back home. with the rhetoric tween the koreas growing person may find themselves seeking shelter once again. anchor: let's get some background on all of this. thanks for joining us in the studio. tension between north and south korea does escalate at regular intervals. if anything different about this escalation?
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>> there was an ultimatum. in 12 hours. anchor: this was the ultimatum to shut down the loudspeakers. >> they threatened actions and the south korean president ordered the military to be alert. it was -- hopefully it is something special this time. anchor: the ultimatum is what changed the game this time around. why is it happening now apart from that ultimatum? is it the loudspeakers or is it military exercises that the americans are conducting with the south koreans at the moment is to -- at the moment? >> the fact that two soldiers were wounded severely by a landmine which was put by north
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korea in the demilitarized zone. this is something, an example of keeping up tension. military maneuvers between the u.s. and south korea are normal. see other day this was a special something. kim jong-un wants to show to and his own people's am in power, i am sitting very firm in the saddle. it is occupied with many other conflict. islamic state, and so on. maybe he is saying i am still here. the third point could be there is a severe drought in north korea that one third of the rice harvest will be missing.
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that is the danger of hunger and perhaps to distract from that problem he might keep up the tension. anchor: thank you for thth analysis. we will turn back to that story in turkey that we were giving you. the president called snap elections for the first of november. the opposition seems to be suggesting that he is more or less happy that coalition talks failed and he is keen to call a fresh election and the the result of june's poll. is there any substance to that version of events? reporter: it appears that way. he has made no secret he did not want them to succeed. the best way forward is one party, one role which means his party.
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and when those attempts failed, he refused to transfer the mandate for forming the government. there will be early elections which many said contravene the constitution. anchor: reporting for us and assembled. many thanks to to nigeria where the practice of using lead in illegal gold mines is taking a heavy toll on children and 28 children under the age of five die from lead poisoning area the illegal gold mining is common in the impoverished north went -- northwest state. little is being done to protect locals from these toxic substances. reporter: work instead of school. for hundreds of children from the village, this is a daily reality area and the children
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look for gold with their bare hands or primitive tools, endangering their lives in process. dozens of children have died from lead poisoning. this is one of the workers here. she is only 12. exit think work -- i have been working here for five years. i dig holes, poor water from the river, and can for gold. -- handhold. -- pan for gold. reporter: the two youngest children, one and two years old, died three months ago. there siblings had brought rocks act from the mines and tried to extract gold chemicals. a toxic gas was released that is fatal to small children.
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>> a miss them. when i think of them it makes me very sad. reporter: 28 children died in may from lead reasoning -- poisoning. an organization is trying to make villages more aware of the risks, telling them not to bring any close home from work, not to use chemicals and stay way from particularly dangerous minds. random tests have shown increased blood levels and 80% of the children. despite that, her father continues to send her to work. >> four of her brothers go to school. i cannot afford anymore. the rest had to support the family. reporter: hundreds of children like her come to work your everyday. often they stop in the early morning and addition the evening
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area many of them do not have any alternative. we headed to the seat of the local government area of the driver -- the government. the drive is made difficult. we want to know how the province has reacted to the death. the leader of the task horse -- force grants us an interview. he says villages have been informed and the government has donated 1000 euros and 50 bags of rice. >> they have not been able to do anything at. there is no one confident enough. i accept what is wrong. i do not think -- [indiscernible] reporter: as long as the decision makers turn a blind eye, they will go on working and risking their lives every day.
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long-term investment in education and infrastructure is finally necessary but here, it is nowhere in sight. anchor: we will take a short rate but there is plenty to come. stay with us.
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anchor: welcome back. you're watching dw news. macedonia tries to lock down the border with greece in a bid to control the flow of refugees heading north with thousands trying to force their way through. the u.s. is more must be done to is a terrible situation. north korea has put its troops on alert following an exchange of artillery fire. last night the greek prime minister said he is resigning
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and calling snap elections. twice five lawmakers have formed their own group calling themselves the popular unity party. the move was expected after rebellion over the new bailout. reporter: three days is a short time to put together a government. he says he will do what he can to avoid more elections. even sounding like he is going to work with the far left of alexis tsipras. >> i intend to invite him to my office to discuss the possibility of forming a government with the currently -- current parliament. reporter: most there will be
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elections and that alexis tsipras will come back on top again. the leader of the anti-austerity party resigned calling for the fifth parliamentary poll in six years. after failing to deliver on his campaign promise of halting alternate -- austerity, he would give greeks inuvo. -- a new vote. >> the right and wrong, the achievements and the omissions. reporter: he is hoping to pull off a reshuffle. 25 of the hard-line mps have announced they are's eating off to warm their own party called popular unity. this time when unity in athens is hard to find. anchor: time to get the latest
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market news. chinese volatility have made it to the u.s.? reporter: that is right and not just the u.s.. asian stocks tanked on friday. european shares joined the worldwide selloff and it is because of another blow to china's economic prospects. last week the country devalued its currency. this week demand for its product stalling. it has been revealed that manufacturing is shrinking at the fastest pace in years. joining us is our new york correspondent. asia then europe, what is happening on wall street? reporter: very bad way for wall street. global growth has sent major indexes into correction territory at some point. on track for the worst week
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since 2011. a weakening in the chinese economy has sparked off the possibility of a global recession. we can feel the severe pressures on monday prices and experts point out this is the result of the powerful shift on china's growth model. something that was expected to happen for quite some time. reporter: oil has reached a fresh six-year intraday low. is there any bottom inside? -- insigh sight? reporter: while weekly recounts rose, the lack of demand and the oversupply will keep prices down for quite some time. reporter: thank you.
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anchor: we're going back to greece. hardliners have announced they are forming their own party. the greek resident is attempting to form an interim government with the main new democracy party. as the country gears up for a fifth general election, there are worries that implementing the proposed reforms will take a backseat, putting the 86 billion euro bailout into jeopardy. reporter: is never quite smooth sailing in greece. more political turmoil following alexis tsipras' resignation. analysts say it is the wrong time for the greek government to take its eyes off the ball. >> the challenge of the reform agenda is actin the melting pot. if there is any backsliding on the implementation and the bailout package is also at risk.
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reporter: greece's creditors are taking the news in stride saying snaffle elections change nothing about the deal but german officials have warned that if reforms are delayed, payments would also be delayed. some analysts in greece are also matter of fact. >> or should not forget that there is a deal on the table now. a major problem has been diverted at least in the short term also think -- and thanks to the loan tranche. alexis tsipras is the link -- expected to win an election if it comes about. that would mean his mandate would be strengthened before voters feel the extent of more austerity. anchor: we have talked about greece a lot this week. time for a health check on economies elsewhere in the eurozone. spain, portugal, and ireland are facing impressive growth.
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their competitiveness is relatively weak. ireland was the first euro member to turn its economy around during the recession but the country is suffering from the repercussions of its mortgage-backed housing market. a ticking time bomb was gerard there are major concerns about eurozone heavyweight italy. some say could become the next -- next major crisis created there is a glimmer of good news in spain. tourism has seen much needed growth. in the first months of the year, mr. #jumped by 5%. nearly 238 million. spain benefited from the depreciating euro which made travel more expensive. many have chosen to stay in your cousin -- security related tensions in the middle east and north africa. all businesses in south sudan have had to shut down due to lack of access to foreign currency, rendering them unable to pay suppliers.
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the country's economies based on oil and plummeting revenues have resulted in a battle for cold hard cash. reporter: idle machines in an empty hall. this followed water company once employed 80 people. last december, the factory was forced to shut down. like many businesses inside sudan's capital it was no longer able to access foreign currency. that left it unable to a suppliers. quickly find it difficult to get currency. what we have, we need $100,000. reporter: their economic output is a most entirely limited to oil. companies rely heavily on imports. >> we have to import the cleaning materials for the water, the huddle, -- bottle and
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then the cap and then the level. reporter: plummeting oil revenues have resulted in a fierce for hard currency. many are unable to get dollars through the official channels. the alternative could cost them three times the rate fixed by the central bank. >> to get the dollar is difficult to us. it is amazing. we do get them from the black market. reporter: when rates go up, ordinary people feel the pain. back in may, the cost of this but it is dean's doubled a most overnight. >> the dollar is up. things were all of. that is amazing. people could not afford what they fought and reporter:
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industries other than oil have really had a chance to develop. the latest currency crisis make it next to impossible to do business there. with no end to either insight to my companies are fearing for their future. reporter: that is all your business for now. anchor: we will take you to australia where a group of kite surfers have set a new world record. they sailed over 1200 kilometers off the great barrier reef in eight days. that means surfing for around seven solid hours every one of those days he is they did not do it just for a thrill. their achievement raising funds for research into motor neuron disease. and match number two for the lea
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gue, berlin looking for their second win and bremen for their first. the score currently at 1-1. before we go, quick reminder of our top stories that we are following for you here. macedonia is trying to lock down at her with greece in a bid to control the flow of refugees heading north. with thousands trying to force a way through, the un's is -- you and says more must he done. you can get all the latest on our website. dw.com. do stay with us. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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